Rucaparib

Other Names: Rubraca®

About This Drug

Rucaparib is used to treat cancer. It is given orally (by mouth).

Possible Side Effects

  • Bone marrow depression: This is a decrease in the number of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. This may raise your risk of infection, make you feel tired and weak (fatigue(, and raise your risk of bleeding.
  • Tiredness, weakness
  • Trouble breathing
  • Upper respiratory infection
  • Inflammation of your nasal and throat passages
  • Nausea and throwing up (vomiting)
  • Decreased appetite (decreased hunger)
  • Changes in the way food and drinks taste
  • Pain in your abdomen
  • Constipation (not able to move bowels)
  • Loose bowel movements (diarrhea)
  • Changes in your kidney function
  • Changes in your liver function
  • Increase in cholesterol levels
  • Rash

Note: Each of the side effects above was reported in 20% or greater of patients treated with rucaparib. Not all possible side effects are included above.

Warnings and Precautions

  • This drug may raise your risk of getting a second cancer.

How to Take Your Medication

  • Swallow the medicine whole with or without food. Take this medicine twice a day, approximately 12 hours apart.
  • Missed dose: If you vomit or miss a dose, take your next dose at the regular time. Do not take 2 doses at the same time.
  • Handling: Wash your hands after handling your medicine, your caretakers should not handle your medicine with bare hands and should wear latex gloves.
  • Storage: Store this medicine in the original container at room temperature.

Treating Side Effects

  • Manage tiredness by pacing your activities for the day.
  • Be sure to include periods of rest between energy-draining activities.
  • To decrease infection, wash your hangs regularly.
  • Avoid close contact with people who have a cold, the flu, or other infections.
  • Take your temperature as your doctor or nurse tells you, and whenever you feel like you may have a fever.
  • To help decrease bleeding, use a soft toothbrush. Check with your nurse before using dental floss.
  • Be very careful when using knives or tools.
  • Use an electric shaver instead of a razor. 
  • Drink plenty of fluids (a minimum of eight glasses per day is recommended). 
  • Ask your doctor or nurse about medicines that are available to help stop or lessen constipation, diarrhea and/or nausea.
  • If you are not able to move your bowels, check with your doctor or nurse before you use enemas laxatives, or suppositories
  • To help with nausea and vomiting, eat small, frequent meals instead of three large meals a day. Choose foods and drinks that are at room temperature. Ask your nurse or doctor about other helpful tips and medicine that is available to help or stop lessen these symptoms.
  • If you get diarrhea, eat low-fiber foods that are high in protein and calories and avoid foods that can irritate your digestive tracts or lead to cramping. Ask your nurse or doctor about medicine that can lessen or stop your diarrhea.
  • To help with decreased appetite, eat high caloric food such as pudding, ice cream, yogurt and milkshakes.
  • Taking good care of your mouth may help food taste better and improve your appetite
  • Keeping your pain under control is important to your well being. Please tell your doctor or nurse if you are experiencing pain.
  • If you get a rash, do not put anything on it unless your doctor or nurse says you may. Keep the area around the rash clean and dry. Ask your doctor for medicine if your rash bothers you. 
  • While you are taking rucaparib, use sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher when you are outdoors even for a short time. Cover up when you are out in the sun. Wear wide-brimmed hats, long-sleeved shirts, and pants. Keep your neck, chest, and back covered.

Food and Drug Interactions

  • There are no known interactions of rucaparib with food.
  • This drug may interact with other medicines. Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the medicines and dietary supplements (vitamins, minerals, herbs and others) that you are taking at this time. The safety and use of dietary supplements and alternative diets are often not known. Using these might affect your cancer or interfere with your treatment. Until more is known, you should not use dietary supplements or alternative diets without your cancer doctor's help.

When to Call the Doctor

Call your doctor or nurse if you have any of the following symptoms and/or any new or unusual symptoms:

  • Fever of 100.5 F (38 C) or higher
  • Chills
  • Easy bleeding or bruising
  • Wheezing or trouble breathing
  • Feeling dizzy or lightheaded
  • Loose bowel movements (diarrhea) more than 4 times a day or diarrhea with weakness or lightheadedness
  • No bowel movement in 3 days or when you feel uncomfortable.
  • Lasting loss of appetite or rapid weight loss of five pounds in a week
  • Pain when passing urine; blood in urine
  • Decreased urine
  • Pain in your lower back or side
  • Nausea that stops you from eating or drinking, and/or not relieved by prescribed medicines
  • Throwing up more than 3 times a day
  • Signs of liver problems: dark urine, pale bowel movements, bad stomach pain, feeling very tired and weak, unusual itching, or yellowing of the eyes or skin
  • Heavy menstrual period that lasts longer than normal
  • Fatigue that interferes with your daily activities
  • Extreme weakness that interferes with normal activities
  • Bad abdominal pain, especially in upper right area
  • If you think you are pregnant

Reproduction Warnings

  • Pregnancy warning: This drug can have harmful effects on the unborn baby. Women of child bearing potential should use effective methods of birth control during your cancer treatment and for at least 6 months after treatment. Let your doctor know right away if you think you may be pregnant.
  • Breast feeding warning: It is not known if this drug passes into breast milk. It is recommended that women should not breastfeed during treatment and for at least 2 weeks after treatment.
  • Fertility warning: Human fertility studies have not been done with this drug. Talk with your doctor or nurse if you plan to have children. Ask for information on sperm or egg banking. 

Revised: April 2018

This patient information was developed by Via Oncology, LLC © 2018. This information is not intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. You should not rely entirely on this information for your health care needs. Ask your own doctor or health care provider any specific medical questions that you have.

CLIENT acknowledges that the Via Pathways and Via Portal are information management tools only, and that Via Oncology, LLC has not represented the Via Pathways or Via Portal as having the ability to diagnose disease, prescribe treatment, or perform any other tasks that constitute the practice of medicine. The clinical information contained in the Via Pathways and Via Portal are intended as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the knowledge, expertise, skill, and judgment of physicians, pharmacists and other healthcare professionals involved with patient care at CLIENT facilities.