Prostate Cancer Surgical Options
UPMC Hillman Cancer Center's urologic surgeons have extensive expertise in the surgical management of prostate cancer.
In many cases, the prostate needs to be removed completely. The surgeon may remove a small amount of tissue surrounding the prostate, and he or she may also take tissue samples from lymph nodes to determine whether the cancer has spread.
Traditional surgeries involve large incisions that allow the surgeon to gain access to the area.
Minimally invasive approaches allow the surgeon to perform laparoscopic surgery, which involves the insertion of instruments (and a miniature camera) through small incisions. Minimally invasive surgery is sometimes robotically assisted. In some cases, a transurethral method is used; in this method, a small probe is passed through the opening of the penis, and the affected tissue is heated to destroy the cancer cells.