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Prostate Cancer Care

Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men. Each year, approximately 192,280 new prostate cancers were diagnosed in the United States.

What Is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is a malignant tumor of the prostate gland, a walnut-sized organ located in front of a man's rectum and below the bladder.

Prostate Cancer Risk Factors

Factors that may increase prostate cancer risk:

  • Age — The risk for prostate cancer increases with age, with men over age 65 at highest risk.
  • Family history — Studies show that a man's risk for prostate cancer increases if a close male relative has the disease.
  • Race — African-American men are twice as likely to be diagnosed as white men.
  • Specific genetic changes — Researchers have found that changes in parts of certain chromosomes seem to be connected with an increased risk for prostate cancer.

Diagnosis and Staging for Prostate Cancer

Patient assessments may include a digital rectal exam and a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test. While these tests may indicate a problem with the prostate, further testing to detect cancer also may include a transrectal ultrasound and transrectal biopsy.

Other diagnostic tests may include:

  • X-rays
  • Computed tomography (CT) scans
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans

Learn more about diagnostic tests used to diagnose and stage prostate and other urologic cancers:

More Information About Prostate Cancer

Learn more about prostate cancer from the National Cancer Institute.

prostate cancer exam

Screenings & Exams

Doctors may recommend a PSA blood test and a digital rectal exam if you have a family history of prostate cancer.

Learn more about screenings.
doctor showing results on tablet

Prostate Treatment Program

UPMC Hillman Cancer Center employs a multidisciplinary approach to treating prostate cancer that includes state-of-the-art, evidence-based treatment options. 

Learn more about our treatment program.
Husband and wife talking with healthcare provider

Treatments for Prostate Cancer

Our oncologists offer a full range of treatments, including traditional and minimally-invasive surgery, medical oncology options and radiation therapy.

Read more about treatment options.